Primary Bird Surveys on a tertiary relict endemic and vulnerable living fossil forests, the Anatolian Sweetgum Forests

A Pygmy Cormorant in Kersele Forest

Supported by: OSME

  TURKEY, Muğla Province, Köyceğiz-Dalyan Special Protected Area

  21 March 2018 – 21 March 2019

Summary:  

Unless their importance there is not any systematic bird observations related with the Anatolian Sweetgum Forests. Birds can be a good reflector on the habitat fragmentation and used as indicators during the creation of new forests in following the succession periods. That’s why our Main Goal in this project will be to support the conservation efforts of the Anatolian Sweetgum Forests by researching the Birds. The project aims will be; to research the Birds of Anatolian Sweetgum Forests (situation of the species, threat status, activity patterns, breeding status, usages of the forest), to research the ecological parameters of the Birds (a- population density, richness, frequency, similarity, dominancy, competition etc. b- comparisons between the fragmented-unfragmented forests).

The survey will be held in the two main Sweetgum Forest areas known as Kavakarasi (natural forest- high fragmentation ratio) and Karabatak (unfragmented natural forest) which are inside of the Koycegiz-Dalyan Specially Protected Area. There will be three sections to the survey; 1) Breeding Bird Survey for Passerines and other Non-raptors: There will be two transects in each site. Each transect will be walked for period of around 1 hour, starting early in the morning. All species that are heard and seen will be recorded with breeding codes. 2)Bird of Prey Survey: Prior to the study, an observation location will be selected from which both field sites can be seen. The observation for raptors will las for a duration of five hours. 3) Owl Survey: The exact timing of this survey is yet to be decided. The survey will take place at the time of day at which owls are most active in the area. Listening for owl calls will be held in 2 different points for each site. The calls will be stored with a recording device. The two days surveys will be repeated in March, April, May (Late May-Early June), September (Late September-Early October) 2018 and Mid -January 2019.

The bird surveys have been coordinated by bird researcher Tora Benzeyen. The results had been published in the International Journal of Nature and Life Sciences (IJNLS) as “The Importance of Endangered Anatolian (Oriental) Sweetgum Forests for the Bird Species”.